The technology in the production oil has not been left behind in advancing as you will read more here. Because of its importance in our lives, it is best if we take a look at the changes that have taken place since it was discovered. Traditionally, people in Mesopotamia used bitumen to make boats and hold earrings, necklaces, and bangles together. In Egypt, it was used to solidify the famous pyramids. Bitumen, asphalt and mortar although did not require drilling, were the substances that led to the discovery of oil.
From this site, you find out that oil was first extracted by digging. In this site you learn more about how the traditional people used oil to treat diseases, light lamps to increase visibility and keep warm. Little information about oil existence was available at the time as you have seen in this site.
The technology that followed drilling was the use of spring poles. The device as you discover more here, was attached to a tree which provided the required resistance to reach greater depth, was used by the Ruffner brothers to enhance salt extraction. Oil was still not the primary goal but the people believed it could serve several purposes. With the introduction of steam to power ,the spring pole salt extraction proceeded at higher rates. A Yale chemist Benjamin Silliman discovered more about how oil could be converted into kerosene that is used for lighting lamps. It is at this point that the society became interested in the commodity and commercial drilling began.
As you will find out in this website, the demand for oil was to rise in the near future. The number of oil deposits discovered in the earth increased. During the drilling process there were sediments that obstructed extraction of oil and the need for better machinery came up. As a result, a technique called rotary drilling was developed whose head penetrated the hard rock without the need to remove debris regularly. One historic moment was witnessed in Texas where a rig in Beaumont struck oil and it rose to the surface trickling like rain water. With the world war 1 coming around, the demand for oil rose, leading to increased competition which resulted in greater development of oil tools. The most successful development for the rotary drill was the ability to dig deeper.
Right now the world still uses the rotary drill for oil extraction. Even though the rotary rigs are still in use, they have been modified to today’s technology. Besides that, the rigs are more sophisticated. For example ,as you see here is that one rig can drill multiple oil wells and even move on their own.